Most of the time when we hear India we think of colors, yoga, meditation, busy cities, spicy food and some other things which are shown to us by mainstream media. Some people interested in politics or history may know more but still do not know India completely. India is a developing nation and is a neighbor to an unstable democracy called Pakistan and China a communist government based on the oppression of its own people and other neighboring countries. These factors affect the growth of India as well as with many others like terrorism, overpopulation, corruption, lack of education, manipulated media, over religiousism etc. India needs to work a lot on its fundamental problems. There are certain factors that need to be worked on and policies needed to be revised. We will discuss some of the problems without going into too many details or else each topic is good enough for 4-5 articles on their own. There will be many topics we’ll not be able to cover in this article but will be done soon. So without further ado, let’s see few of the challenges India needs to overcome.
Manpower management is a problem for countries where working population is less but India has a new crisis and that is having too much manpower on hand. India is worlds largest population and worlds youngest nation, that is a really good combination for any nation to grow but the problem India facing is the amount of skilled labor.
India produces a large number of scientists, doctors, and engineers but most of them leave the country and work in other nations in search of a better life. The work culture in India isn’t very employee friendly for the private sector and hence the talented people prefer to work for other nations than India. People have to work overtime without being paid or sometimes without any salary and the governments have failed to regulate labor rules.
Another part of the manpower crisis is the rise of uneducated and unskilled youth. Most of the young India population is coming from remote areas and the education available in the remote areas is not up to the global standards, which is why most of the youth keep struggling for jobs. The recent push by the Indian government to help the entrepreneurs has helped to a certain extent but more initiatives are required.
29 December 2017 Times of India published an article about retired railway staff being rehired to compensate for the lack of skilled labor.
29 August 2017 Hindustan Times published an article about the lack of than medical labor.
The root of these problems with unskilled labor and too much manpower can be understood more in the following two points.
India used to be a hub for research and education but with the uprooting of the traditional education system and the introduction of new western designed education, the students are bearing the consequences. There are basically three types of education in India:
First of all, it is really difficult for poor to get the education and even when they do the level of education received is the lowest of its quality.
b. Middle class.
For the middle class, the education is so damn expensive that some families have to get the loan from the banks to help their child study.
Rich has a different kind of education as they can pay as much as demanded. These three types of education are completely different from each other.
Most of the population belong to the poor and middle class and hence I’m going to discuss the problems with the Poor and middle-class education system.
1. Rat race.
The education system in India is more pro jobs rather than pro-entrepreneurial skills. It also lacks personalization for teaching methods. Parents push their kids to study to work in the government sector of multinational companies, this is why India produces an enormous amount of Engineers and Doctors but 80% of them struggle to get jobs due to less number of jobs and high competition. Students are pushed more to opt for science and discouraged to study arts, history or other nontechnical fields.
2. Poor infrastructure.
Most of the schools or colleges lack the required laboratories or infrastructure for practical learning. Students are made to focus on theory rather than practicals. Some schools in remote areas do not have basic amenities like chairs and table. Sports infrastructure is a far-fetched dream in a country where playing sports is considered as a waste of students time.
3. Uninspired Educators.
Educators most of the time are the people who either took the job because they had no other prospects or they wanted a relaxed life. Another problem which also causes educators to be uninspired is the low wages they work with.
4. Oppression of original thinking.
The main focus of the education system is to make students mug-up the syllabus for passing the exams with good score. Originality is not promoted and neither are analytical skills. The whole education revolves around scoring in the exam and not providing information for students to explore or have creative ideas.
5. Reservation system.
This system was designed to uplift the oppressed backward societies of the country. It helps many backward classes to get education and jobs but at the same time, it oppresses the upper-class students from getting a good education or the jobs. Many times students from the poor upper caste society don’t get what they deserve due to the reservation system. Reservation system needs to be revised to end social disparity.
3. Control Population
India is overpopulated for its own and global good. It is high time now that it must be controlled but the problem is that people of India are not even aware of that. Some blame goes to the totally dysfunctional mainstream media. The media in India is doing a perfect job at brainwashing people and hiding the facts. Nobody really gets to know what is really happening but everyone cares about movie(Padmavati) controversies. The overpopulation is damaging India in many ways:
a. Fewer resources.
This one was obvious as we have a limited amount of resources. Even the natural resources will not be able to cope up with the growing population as we have altered the natural process of birth and death. More people will only help deplete these resources faster. You don’t need to be a rocket scientist to figure it out.
b. Increase in unemployment.
With more people, the number of jobs will seem less and less. Especially with the rising population of people who lack skills there will still be jobs but not enough eligible candidates and this will only add to the increasing unemployment. This will give rise to criminal activities.
c. More crime to come.
As the unemployment will increase and with the scarcity of resources it is very likely to deduce that people will resort to criminal activities. With a massive population, it is already difficult for Indian law enforcement to catch criminals. Its just the religion which is still keeping people from indulging in criminal activities but how long will religion keep the hungry stomachs quiet.
d. More communal violence.
As I said religion is keeping people good for now but the day is not far when people will start using religion as a weapon to fulfill there needs. India is a secular country and it has shown a great potential of being a secular democracy with fair treatment of all religions. If the population keeps on increasing and the people will start having an economic crisis, communal violence is very likely to be the first step for people towards crime.
India has many names across the globe and being worlds trash can is one. People of India aren’t very keen on keeping the country clean either. With more people, there will be more carbon. More vehicles will be required and will cause further pollution. In order to employ more people government will have to come up with more jobs and more industries hence more uncontrolled industrial pollution.
To read the next part of the article please go to The Real Problems of India: Part1.